Mohammad Esmaeil Zadeh, Edward Lewis, Gary Millar
Although Enterprise Architecture Principles (EAPs) are important parts of several Enterprise Architecture (EA) frameworks, there are difficulties in their derivation and use. As a foundation for a broader research in developing a set of generic EAPs, this paper aims to discover the notion of EAPs conceptually and to find a way of structuring them systematically. For this purpose, the variety in the definitions of EA is stated and a new definition is given to clarify its scope more precisely. Then different thoughts in the notion of EAPs are investigated to find their features and shortages. Finally, by introducing the concept of values, a new definition of EAPs as values is proposed. This definition leads to the use of the work done in the field of values and governance to investigate, tidy up and classify the existing principles.
Enterprise Architecture, Principles, Values.
About the Authors
Mohammad Esmaeil Zadeh is a PhD student at the University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy. Mohammad has several years of professional and managerial work experience in the telecommunication and IT sectors. His current area of research investigates the application of viable systems theory to IT governance and Enterprise Architecture. Mohammad Esmaeil Zadeh can be reached at email@example.com.
Edward Lewis is a Senior Lecturer at the University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy. For 35 years he has been carrying out research and providing consultancy services into strategy and policy planning, Enterprise Architecture, and risk management. He has chaired the Australian and international standards committees that produced ISO/IEC 38500: 2008 Corporate governance of information technology. Edward Lewis can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Gary Millar is a lecturer at the University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy. His primary research and consultancy work lie in the area of IT Governance. He developed the Viable Governance Model (VGM) which specifies a comprehensive blueprint for establishing governance structures, processes and mechanisms in complex corporations. He has also developed IT strategic plans, formulated IT policies, and managed large IT projects within the government sector. Gary Millar can be reached at email@example.com.
Aier, S., Fischer, C. and Winter, R. 2011. “Construction and Evaluation of a Meta-Model for Enterprise Architecture Design Principles.” 10th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik, Zurich, Switzerland.
Boar, B. 1994. Practical Steps for Aligning Information Technology with Business Strategies. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Boar, B. H. 2001. The art of strategic planning for information technology, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Business Dictionary 2012, http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/values.html, cited 22 Mar. 2012
Esmaeil Zadeh, M., Millar, G. and Lewis, E. 2012a. “Mapping the Enterprise Architecture Principles in TOGAF to the Cybernetic Concepts–An Exploratory Study,” 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS, pp.4270-4276.
Esmaeil Zadeh, M., Millar, G. and Lewis, E. 2012b. Reinterpreting the TOGAF Enterprise Architecture Principles Using a Cybernetic Lens, Journal of Enterprise Architecture, May, (8:2), pp. 9-17.
Evaleens, J. and Verhoef, C. 2010. The Rise and Fall of the Chaos Report Figures, IEEE Software, Jan/ Feb, (27:1), pp. 30–36.
FEA, 2001, A Practical Guide to the Federal Enterprise Architecture, Version 1.1: from http://www.gao.gov/
Foorthuis, R., Hofman, F., Brinkkemper, S. and Bos, R., 2012. Compliance Assessments of Projects Adhering to Enterprise Architecture, Journal of Database Management, April-June, (23:2), pp. 44-71.
Gartner 2012, http://www.gartner.com/technology/it-glossary/enterprise-architecture.jsp, cited 23 Apr. 2012
Graves, T. 2012. The enterprise as story, The role of narrative in enterprise-architecture, Tetradian Books, Colchester, England
Greefhorst, D. and Proper, E. 2011. Architecture Principles: The Cornerstones of Enterprise Architecture. Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH.
Hoogervorst, A.P. 2009. Enterprise Governance and Enterprise Engineering: Springer Verlag.
ISACA 2012. COBIT 5: The Framework, Rolling Meadows, Ill
ISO/IEC 38500 2008. Corporate governance of information technology (ISO/IEC 38500:2008). Geneva: International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010: 2010. Systems and Software Engineering – Architecture Descriptions, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland
ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010: 2011. http://www.iso-architecture.org/ieee-1471/defining-architecture.html cited 2 May 2012
ITGI 2007. COBIT version 4.1. http://www.itgi.org, cited 28 February 2008
IVM 2012. The Institute for Value Management, http://www.ivm.org.uk/ cited 28 Mar. 2012
Kaplan, R. S. and Norton, D. P. 2008. “Mastering the management system”. Harvard Business Review, (86:1), pp. 62-77.
Keeney, R. L. 1992, Value-focused thinking: A path to creative decisionmaking, London: Harvard Univ. Press.
Lewis, E. 2012, Layrib: Planning Viable Systems: http://www.layrib.com/, cited 30 Jan. 2012
Lewis, E. and Millar, G. 2010. “The Viable Governance Model: A Theoretical Model for the Corporate Governance of IT,” International Journal on IT/Business Alignment and Governance, (1:3), pp. 19-35.
Lindstrom, A. 2006. “On the Syntax and Semantics of Architectural Principles,” in Proceedings of the 39th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS ’06, pp. 178b-178b.
Nightingale, D. J. and Rhodes, D. H. 2004. “Enterprise systems architecting: Emerging art and science within engineering systems”. In MIT Engineering Systems Symposium, March 2004.
PEAF 2011, “Product: Governance: Principles”, Pragmatic EA Framework (PEAF, Version 2.0.4), Available at: http://www.pragmaticea.com/ cited 23 Apr. 2012
Perks, C. and Beveridge, T. 2002. Guide to Enterprise IT Architecture, New York, Springer Verlag.
Petersen, R. 2004. “A Framework for IT Policy Development”, EDUCAUSE Review, (39:2), pp. 54-55
Proper, E. and Greefhorst, D. 2011. “Principles in an Enterprise Architecture Context”, Journal of Enterprise Architecture, (7:1), pp. 8-16.
Robertson, S. and Robertson, J. 2006. Mastering the Requirements Process, Addison-Wesley.
Schekkerman, J. 2008. Enterprise Architecture Good Practices Guide: How to Manage the Enterprise Architecture Practice, Trafford.
Schultz, M. 2007. Architecture principles: Creating the foundation for robust architecture. Available at http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ar-archprinc/, cited 23 Apr. 2012.
Standish Group. 1994. The Chaos Report 1994. Retrieved 21 August 2007, Available at: http://www.standishgroup.com/sample_research/chaos_1994_1.php, cited 18 Apr. 2012.
Stelzer, D. 2010. “Enterprise Architecture Principles: Literature Review and Research Directions,” in Service-Oriented Computing. ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009 Workshops. vol. 6275, A. Dan, et al., Eds., ed: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 12-21.
TOGAF 2012. The Open Group Architecture Framework, Version 9.1, Available at: http://www.opengroup.org/togaf/
Tweedie, D. 2007. “Keep it simple, stupid, Ken Spencer Memorial Lecture”, Financial Reporting Council, University of Melbourne, 5 March, www.frc.gov.au/reports/other/Ken_Spencer_2007.asp, cited 29 Apr. 2012.
VAL IT 2006. Enterprise Value: Governance of IT Investments, The ITGI Val IT Framework. Retrieved 7 July 2008, from http://www.itgi.org.
Weiss, D. 2006. “Developing Effective Enterprise Architecture Principles”, Gartner for Leaders Series, ID Number: G00142389.
Journal of Enterprise Architecture