The Successful Enterprise Architecture Effort

, , , , , , , ,

Keywords: , , , , , , , ,

Mikkel Holst and Tue Steensen

Abstract

In this article the conditions for a successful Enterprise Architecture (EA) effort within an enterprise are discussed. EA as a discipline has so far had a turbulent existence, with many EA efforts failing. This has earned EA as a whole a tarnished reputation in some public and private enterprises. In the article it is established that one reason for failed EA efforts could be that in parts of EA theory there is still is a very mechanistically focused mind-set. This was found on the basis of a theoretical study, analyzing three leading EA frameworks: TOGAF, Bernard’s EA3, and Ross, Weill, and Robertson’s Enterprise Architecture as Strategy. The article is also based on an empirical study consisting of four case studies in Danish enterprises. Consequently it was found that there is a need for the EA discipline to change its mechanistic focus towards a more organic one to be able to succeed in the future. Based on these studies it was recognized that EA governance could be the remedy to ensure a more successful practice of EA in the future. Following this is a guide to EA governance inspired by the Agile Governance Model and the empirical findings were formulated as the means to achieve a successful EA effort.

pp 16-22

References

Allega, Philip, and Betsy Burton: Enterprise Architecture in Organizations Beyond the Tipping Point, Stamford, Gartner, 2011.

Aziz, Sohel, Thomas Obitz, Reva Modi, and Santonu Sarkar: Enterprise Architecture: A Governance Framework – Part I: Embedding Architecture into the Organization, White Paper, Infosys Technologies Ltd., 2005.

Bean, Sally: Re-thinking Enterprise Architecture using Systems and Complexity Approaches, a|EA journal, November 2010: 7-13.

Carr, Nicholas G: IT Doesn’t Matter, Harvard Business Review, 2003: 1-28.

Gall, Nicholas, David Newman, Philip Allega, Anne Lapkin, and Robert A. Handler: Introducing Hybrid Thinking for Transformation, Innovation and Strategy, Gartner, 2010.

Galliers, Robert D, and Dorothy E Leidner: Strategic Information Management: Challenges and Strategies in Managing Information Systems, Third Edition, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann Publications, 2003.

Gravesen, Jan: Enterprise Architecture – Effektiv ressourceudnyttelse som en tværorganisatorisk kompetence, København: Børsen, 2010.

Gøtze, John, and Olov Östberg: Interoperability, Change, and Architecture, Arbejdsgruppe Rapport, International Council for Information Technology in Government Administration, 2007.

Hamel, Gary, and Coimbatore Krishnarao Prahalad: Competing for the Future, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1994.

Holst, Mikkel Stokbro, and Tue Westmark Steensen: Den succesfulde enterprise arkitektur indsats – Et teoretisk og empirisk studie af strategi, governance og værdimåling, Master’s thesis, 2011.

Holst, Mikkel Stokbro, Ida Paulsen, and Tue Westmark Steensen: A Study of IT in a Danish Financial Company – with a Special Focus on IT Governance and Enterprise Architecture, Copenhagen, 2010.

Hoogervorst, Jan: Enterprise Governance and Enterprise Engineering, Diemen: Sogeti Nederlands BV, 2009.

Hoogervorst, Jan, and Jan Dietz: Enterprise Architecture in Enterprise Engineering, International Journal of Enterprise Modeling and Informations Systems Architecture, Juli 2008: 3-13.

Hoverstadt, Patrick: Why Business should Take EA Seriously, Unpublished, 2011: 1-8.

Janssen, Marijn, and Kristian Hjort-Madsen: Analyzing Enterprise Architecture in National Governments: The cases of Denmark and the Netherlands, Proceedings of the 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences, 2007.

Korhonen, Janne J, Kari Hiekkanen, and Jouni Lähteenmäki: EA and IT Governance – A Systemic Approach, Conference Rapport, Reading, UK: Academic Publishing Limited, 2009.

Lundø, Martin: Den offentlige sektors brug af it 2010, Copenhagen: Statistics Denmark, 2011.

Mintzberg, Henry: The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning, Prentice Hall Europe, 1994.

Porter, Michael E: Competitive Advantage, New York: Free Press, 1985.

Prahalad, Coimbatore Krishnarao, and Gary Hamel: The Core Competence of the Corporation, Harvard Business Review, May-June 1990: 79-91.

Rambøll: IT i praksis 2010, Århus N: Rambøll Management Consulting A/S, 2010.

Roark, Lars. Version 2, 20 Januar 2011. www.version2.dk/blog/statens-digitalisering-styrkes-17711 (accessed Juli 1, 2011).

Ross, J. W., P. Weill, and D. C. Robertson: Enterprise Architecture as Strategy, Harvard Business Press, 2006.

Schelp, Joachim, and Matthias Stutz: A Balanced Scorecard Approach to Measure the Value of Enterprise Architecture, Via Nova Architectura, 6 June 2007: 5-11.

Scott, William Richard: Organization: Rational, Natural, and Open Systems, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2003.

Senge, Peter M.: The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization, New York: Doubleday, 2004.

Thomsen, Morten K. Statens: IT nedlægger arkitektur- og kvalitets-funktion. 4 Februar 2011. www.version2.dk/artikel/17903-statens-it-nedlaegger-arkitektur-og-kvalitets-funktion (accessed Maj 24, 2011).

Wagter, Roel, Martin van den Berg, Joost Luijpers, and Marlies van Steenbergen: Dynamic Enterprise Architecture, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

Weill, Peter: Don’t Just Lead, Govern: How Top-Performing Firms Govern IT, MIS Quarterly Executive, Marts 2004: 24.

Zachman, John, A.: Enterprise Architecture: The Issue of the Century, Database Programming and Design, March 1997: 44-53.

Journal of Enterprise Architecture

Leave a Comment